The disease which is mosquito-borne is the viral disease and it is called Chikungunya and this is mostly found in tropical areas. How climate change is giving ease to this virus is discovered by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in Stockholm. No matter, if the climate changes moderately this risk of infection will continue to increase through the end of the 21st century in the many regions of the world, this fact is observed by the scientists. This virus will spread to southern Europe and the United States if climate check is not done. These findings are published in the Scientific Reports by the researchers.
Humans are infected by the Asian tiger mosquito and yellow fever mosquito with the Chikungunya. The mosquito-borne virus is spread in two ways as the climate effects and help in its growth. The first one way is the long term temperature and drizzle levels are high then it will help in the growth of environmental distribution of the mosquitos. If the ambient temperature is high and remains constant over the course of the day it reproduces quickly in the body of the mosquito.
Prof. Carl Beierkuhnlein, Dr. Jan Semenza, Dr. Jonathan Suk and their colleagues at ECDC of the University of Bayreuth in Stockholm have investigated that the change of climate is facilitated the Chikungunya virus. The date which they have collected through their research helps them to generate a world map of those areas where the risk of infection is high. Nils Tjaden, a doctoral researcher in Bayreuth’s biogeography team said: “In close cooperation with the researchers at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) we were able to derive a sophisticated global overview of the risk of Chikungunya infection.”
The global temperature would increase by 2.6 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 as compared to the pre-industrial time and according to researcher the assumptions, the calculations give the trend that will make the climate more favorable for the Chikungunya virus. And if the temperature is going to increase constantly then the risk will more increase. The virus would more likely to increase and spread to the countries in southern Europe and the United States. So, it’s time to think about how to change the climate because the Asian tiger mosquito not only carries the Chikungunya virus, it also has the dengue fever virus.